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The "Old" Covenant in Time



There are 49 days between Passover (Egypt departure) and the Cross at feast of weeks/first fruits:  49 x 33.898 = 1,661 years. There is 1 day between the evening of the 14th and the evening of the 15th /16th day or the evening of the 49th /50th day. (See calculations page). Wave Sheaf on the 16th counting 7 weeks of Sabbaths or 49 days and on the 50th day First Fruits/Weeks. 1,657 years to the cross and 1,661 gospel to gentiles.  1661-34 (gospel to gentiles and end of covenant, end of the day at sunset) = 1,627 (date Israelites depart Egypt) I understand that this date is controversial but if you bare with me you will see it come up later in the study.

Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the Lord….no leavened bread shall be seen with you, and no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory. Exodus 12:6, 7

And you shall count from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven full weeks shall they be, counting fifty days to the morrow after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall present a cereal offering of new grain to the Lord. You shall bring from your dwellings two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah; they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven, as first fruits to the Lord. And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish …with their cereal offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord. Leviticus 23:15-20

So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no crime in him.” John 19:5-6   (unleavened = no sin, whereas with leavened = sinful.) 5 But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities: And by His stripes we are healed…..Isaiah 53 (all)


And the Lord said to Moses, “Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a pole; and every one who is bitten, when he sees it, shall live.” …and if a serpent bit any man, he would look at the bronze serpent and live. Numbers 21:8, 9

And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.” John 3:14


  • And after sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off, and shall have nothing; and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.  Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war; desolations are decreed. And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week; and for half of the week he shall cause sacrifice and offering to cease;…Daniel 9:26, 27 (Prophecy = 1 day = 1 year)
  • And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Mark 14:24
  • To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant, Luke 1:72
  • In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 1 Corinthians 11:25
  • Not that we are competent of ourselves to claim anything as coming from us; our competence is from God, who has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not in a written code but in the spirit; for the written code kills, but the Spirit gives life. 2 Corinthians 3; 6 & 14….But their minds were hardened; for to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains un-lifted, because only through Christ is it taken away.
  • And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth shook, and the rocks were split; Matthew 27:51

For he finds fault with them when he says: “The days will come, says the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; for they did not continue in my covenant, and so I paid no heed to them, says the Lord. This is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Hebrews 8:8-10

From “Desire of Ages” pp. 390. The life of Christ that gives life to the world is in His word. It was by His word that Jesus healed disease and cast out demons; by His word He stilled the sea, and raised the dead; and the people bore witness that His word was with power. He spoke the word of God, as he had spoken through all the prophets and teachers of the Old Testament. The whole Bible is a manifestation of Christ, and the Savior desired to fix the faith of His followers on the word.  When His visible presence should be withdrawn, the word must be their source of power. Like their Master, they were to live “by every word that proceedeth out of the Mouth of God”.  Matt. 4:4

From “Desire of Ages” pp. 756. When the loud cry, “It is finished,” came from the lips of Christ, the priests were officiating in the temple. It was the hour of the evening sacrifice. The lamb representing Christ had been brought to be slain. Clothed in his significant and beautiful dress, the priest stood with lifted knife, as did Abraham when he was about to slay his son. With intense interest the people were looking on. But the earth trembles and quakes; for the Lord Himself draws near, With a rending noise the inner veil of the temple is torn from top to bottom by an unseen hand, throwing open to the gaze of the multitude a place once filled with the presence of God…But low, this veil is rent in twain. The most holy place of the earthly sanctuary is no longer sacred.

Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple; …..Revelation 11:19


  • The Jewish sanctuary & its services beginning with Moses and the exodus were a type of the heavenly sanctuary & its services.
  • The Jewish sanctuary & its services encompassed 1661 years beginning in 1627 B.C. at the exodus from Egypt
  • The Jewish sanctuary & its services were a part of the old covenant; which was the “old” covenant.
  • The feasts beginning with the Passover and ending with the First Fruits/Pentecost began at the departure from Egypt and ended at the Cross. Therefore beginning with type and ending with anti-type.  Beginning with unleavened and ending with leavened.
  • If the sanctuary services are still going on in heaven after the close of the “old covenant” then they were in force before the Jewish system began as well covering the whole of the sin problem.
  • There will not be another Temple made by man built...John 2:19-21.  Jesus Himself was the last Temple!

"Old" Covenant Diagram (PDF)

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